There are a lot medical aids offered in South Africa and all of them follow a set of rules that are created by the CMS (Council for Medical Scheme of South Africa) and they have also come up with a list of chronic diseases covered by the PMB's (Prescribed Minimum Benefits). This list contains 25 - 27 chronic illnesses. Each type of chronic disease needs a different amount of medicine prescribed per month that ensures continuous treatment. The list includes the following:
A type of renal insufficiency that targets the kidneys or adrenal glands.
A lung disorder that causes difficulty in breathing by narrowing the airways, sometimes due to allergic reactions.
A type of condition that causes destruction of the airway walls due to infection or inhalation of foreign objects.
A disorder that causes the heart to maintain a sufficient amount of oxygen needed to support tissues.
A disease that destroys heart muscles.
Chronic Renal Disease
This disease renders the kidneys unable to excrete wastes.
COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)
A disease that affects the lung's ability to inspire and expire properly.
Coronary Artery Disease
The thickening of artery walls in the heart.
A disease that causes the large intestines and some parts of the small intestines to become inflamed.
A disease that causes excessive urination and thirst due to imbalances of ADH (antiduretic hormones)
Diabetes Mellitus Type 1
A Diabetes that is caused by the lack of insulin secretion.
Diabetes Mellitus Type 2
Almost the same as Diabetes Mellitus Type 1, this disease is due to the relatively lack of insulin secretion of the pancreas
This disease is caused by abnormal cardiac rhythms.
A condition that causes seizures due to brain disorders.
A disease that causes damage to the retina.
A disease that renders the blood to clot properly.
A disease caused by massive amounts of fatty acids in the blood.
This type of condition increases the blood pressure.
This disease is caused by a relatively low amount of thyroid hormones.
A disease that damages the protective layer of the brain and the spinal cord.
This condition causes involuntary shaking or tremors.
A disease that causes joint deformity due to the inflammation of joints.
A condition affecting the brain resulting to psychotic thoughts and disturbing behavior.
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
A disease that causes inflammation of the skin.
A disease that causes inflammation of the large intestines and the rectum.
Most chronic diseases cannot be cured, however, this list ensures that the person suffering from any type of condition contained in the list, get medical coverage including consultations and tests. Getting the right information, ensures that proper handling and treatment of these chronic diseases are well observed.
There, however, are diseases that are included in the list but are only available to comprehensive and exclusive plans only. This is why it is better to gather information like medical history before signing up for any medical aid.